The history of this age-old cloister is intertwined closely with the fortunes of two of the most influential and powerful boyar families in Russia. The Ipatiev Monastery had been for a long time under the patronage of the Godunovs, but, in an incredible twist of fortune, it provided shelter to young boyar Mikhail, one of the Romanovs who were the main rivals of the Godunovs in the struggle for the Russian throne. Soon after Mikhail Romanov was named the Tsar of Russia right there, within the walls of the Ipatiev Cloister, which entitled it to be regarded as “the cradle of the Romanov dynasty”. Today the monastery attracts tourists from all over Russia who admire the beauty of its white-stone walls, rich history as well as collections of rare and unique exhibit items that were preserved here since the 16th century.
This monastery was founded by holy man Nikita, who was a disciple and the closest follower of St. Sergius of Radonezh. A large number of myrrh-streaming icons are preserved here, and one of them is the grand holy relic of the city: the Feodorovskaya Icon of the Mother of God. This miracle-working icon has been worshipped in the Kostroma Land since long ago. It is also considered to be the protector and patron of the Romanov dynasty, since the young Mikhail Romanov was blessed with this icon when entering the throne.
This unique architectural monument of the 17th century grabs anyone’s attention due to an interesting story related to its construction. An old legend preserved in Kostroma says that this church was built with the finances of one merchant from Kostroma under following circumstances. He was trading with England by exchanging a barrel with gold coins for a barrel with paint. Once it so happened that he received from England not only the paint barrels that he ordered, but also his own barrel with the gold coins. Realizing that his counterpart made a mistake, he wrote a letter to his English partner stating this fact and promising that he would return the coins with the first available opportunity. Amazed at such an honest stance, the Englishman magnanimously asked the Russian to keep it as a present. The merchant from Kostroma, however, decided that he should not spend it for his needs, but ordered a church to be built. To commemorate the generosity of the Brit the gates of the church are still adorned with images of the Lion and the Unicorn, that is symbols of the British royalty.
This alley located in downtown has memorial plaques in its flagstones with the names of those who devoted their lives to this city as well as with the names famous persons who were born and grew up in Kostroma. The alley features three of the most beautiful buildings in town. One is the Romanov Museum which was built on the occasion of celebrating the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty in 1913 in Kostroma. Another is the Nobility Assembly, a place where the Kostroma nobility used to hold its general meetings and where much-favored balls occurred. The third is the A. N. Ostrovsky Drama Theater that was built to honor the great Russian playwright whose ancestors had lived forever in the Kostroma Land.
This is a one-of-a-kind nature reserve 20 km away from Kostroma. Tourists may visit the farm any time around the year. Anyone is welcome to take pictures with the moose, offer them carrots, buy souvenirs and, in the period between May and September, taste moose milk and adore the little moose calves.