The first nuclear-powered icebreaker, the Lenin, moored for permanent lay-up at the quay of the Murmansk Seaport station in 1989. Even though the icebreaker does not serve anymore for the purpose of clearing sea routes of ice, it still remains a unique structure and in 2008 an onboard museum and modern information center was opened for anyone interested in learning more about the nuclear fleet. The excursion program includes an exciting account of the history of the icebreaker nuclear fleet, of the everyday duties of the personnel, and of today’s situation in the branch. A trip to the heart of the ship, its decommissioned nuclear reactor, out of service today, is the culmination of the visit.
Five Corners square
This is the center of the city, for both its business and cultural activities, parades, concerts, festive events and folk street parties. Today the square’s name is incorrect because of the five thoroughfares that used to get into the square only four remain. The name, however, remained and the square is the favorite haunt for locals. In winter the square becomes an exhibition place for ice sculptures, and in summer months it is adorned with unusual flower compositions, cozy parks and public gardens. One of the buildings in the square features Soviet state decorations awarded to hero-city Murmansk—locals still cherish them.
Those who come to the city with their kids have a unique opportunity of visiting the northern-most oceanarium in the world and seeing a show staged with the participation of fauna representatives from Arctic waters: sea dogs, ringed seals, and bearded seals. This fascinating show will touch everyone’s feelings, young or old. The Murmansk Oceanarium is the only complex in Europe where grey seals are trained to participate in the show. This institution does not only serve entertainment purposes, but also provides a base for scientific research in oceanology, animal physiology and animal-assisted therapy (healing through interacting with animals).
The bridge was under construction for over ten years, and until recently it was longest bridge beyond the Polar Circle. 2.5 km long, it is one of the most important transportation corridors of the city providing interconnection with the western areas of the Murmansk Oblast plus starting the road to the neighboring Norway and Finland. Besides, this bridge serves as a place where Murmansk Mile, the annual summer festival, is held which includes a mass athletic race, sport competitions, and exhibition performances.
Theater fans, all those who enjoy exceptional acting and stage performance should not leave the city without seeing the productions of the Murmansk Oblast Drama Theater. Theater repertory includes very different plays, both by classic and modern playwrights. Theater building is also noteworthy: only few people know that the bas-relief on the front was created by the famous sculptor Ernest Neizvestny.